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Checkpoint #5
GMO vs Genomics Technology

Let's explore the difference between genomics technology and GMO (Genetically Modified Organism) to gain a better understanding of these approaches.

Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO)

GMO technology involves incorporating foreign genes into a plant's genetic makeup, allowing it to utilize the functions of the introduced genes. This process fundamentally alters the plant's genetic blueprint by adding external genetic material. In contrast, genome editing focuses on refining the plant's existing genes. Through this process, internal gene fragments are selectively edited or eliminated to enhance the plant's yield, taste, and size. Genome editing involves precise modifications to the plant's own genetic code, without introducing foreign genes.

Genomics Technology

Genomics technology empowers scientists to explore the internal gene fragments of plants, unveiling their functions and purposes. This understanding allows for targeted modifications to optimize specific aspects of the plant's capabilities. A chemical-free approach is emphasized in agricultural operations to ensure that produce is safe and healthy for consumption.

Why Does It Matter?

Legally, many countries recognize these as distinct technologies, highlighting the divergence in approaches and methodologies. Genomically edited produce often faces less public resistance compared to GMO, underscoring the importance of accurate information dissemination.

However, despite legal distinctions, there is a need for greater awareness in the field of genome editing. As a relatively new technology, it is crucial to foster understanding and education to appreciate its potential benefits and implications fully. This knowledge-sharing is essential for informed discussions about the role of genomics in agriculture and its impact on the food we consume.

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